Golf Cart Battery Cables Exposed – Does Size Really Matter or Golf Buggy ?
For gas powered carts, the cables need only be of sufficient size to operate the starter motor, which is only for a few seconds at a time. So that answer is no, the originally installed cables are plenty sufficient in size. For those of us who have the more plentiful, battery powered carts, Golf Buggy in Centurion the answer is somewhat more complicated. The short answer for us is, yes and no, depending upon what we expect from the cart or if modifications to the motor or controller have been made.
If the cart is absolutely bone stock (all original with no upgrades) and is used primarily as originally intended around the local course, the standard 6 AWG (aka 6 gauge or #6) cables are perfectly fine. Wire (cable) size is measured by a standard called American Wire Gauge or AWG and relates to the diameter or cross sectional area of the copper conductor itself. The smaller the AWG number, the larger the diameter, and hence, larger current carrying capacity. For example, a 2 AWG cable is larger than a 4 AWG which is larger than a 6 AWG. Most cart manufacturers use 6 AWG cables. The finest cables we have found so far are made by MaxiLink.com, which are super flexible and made for extreme duty electric vehicle use.
Ok, now for you guys that want better performance, we’ll get a little more technical. The maximum current that will ever go through your cables is when the cart is at rest and you mash the gas pedal to the floor. At that point in time, the controller puts out the max power it is capable of, and the motor experiences what is called “locked rotor” current draw, which can be hundreds of amperes. When the motor is in a stalled state, it requires tremendous energy to get it spinning to the rated RPM. If the motor were to stay in the stalled state (if there was some mechanical restraint that would not allow it to turn) the high current would continue to be absorbed by the motor until it actually burned up the windings.
Typically though, the motor begins to spin immediately, and the current drops down to 20 or so amperes within a few milliseconds (on a stock cart). There are four things that limit that maximum current; the resistance of the internal windings of the motor, the current capacity of the battery pack, the controller capacity and the resistance of the battery cables. The Battery Pack and Motor windings are pretty much fixed values. Keep these in mind because we will come back to them.
Golf Carts Can Be Used Off The Course Too
Aftermarket “high torque” or “high speed” motors installed to increase the carts performance are commonplace these days. Unfortunately, that additional performance requires additional power. The motor is only there to convert electrical energy into kinetic energy (not very efficiently either). High power motors have a lower internal resistance than stock, which in turn draws more current. If you remember from science class, power (in watts) is voltage (E) multiplied by the current (I). Since the voltage cannot go any higher than the battery’s 48volts (or 36volts), the current increases in order to satisfy the power demand of the motor. Unfortunately, this is where the resistance of the battery cables come into play. As the current increases in a conductor, power is lost in the form of heat at a rate of I2R, where R is the cable resistance.
In an ideal cable and to transfer max power, the cable resistance (R) should be zero ohms. Unfortunately all cables have some resistance. The cable resistance causes the voltage to drop (E=IR) and results in lost power to the motor. The solution; increase the size of the battery cables (the larger the cable the less the resistance). Of course, the cable diameter can only be increased within reasonable mechanical size limitations, but that is what is required to reap the full benefits of a high power aftermarket motor. Our example used the locked rotor current to explain the worst case effects. They are less drastic at partial throttle, where the current draw is significantly less.
If you want to do the drag racing, burnouts, wheelies and such with your cart though, you will need the bigger cables to supply the required massive inrush of current to the motor. Although the resistance of the cables seems tiny (#6 = 0.00047ohms/ft vs. #2 = 0.00015 ohms/ft), the voltage drop is significant when large currents are present, which will reduce performance. So for the high power motor users out there, use large diameter cables and keep them as short as possible. Size will matter to you. Look for other articles by Randy Wade and check out www.digitaloverdrivesystems.com regularly for news, tips and performance products including the new Maxilink Extreme Duty EV cables.
Interesting Facts About Golf Buggy in JHB:
About Golf Buggy in JHB:
E-Z-Go golf carts come in both electric powered as well as gas powered models to choose from.
If you want to own an E-Z-Go golf cart that offer noise-free and pollution free operation, then the electric E-Z-Go gas golf carts should be opted. But electric carts needs to be charged more often and can run only a few turns. Other than gas powered models that run in gasoline fuel offer long run and is ideal for you to use them for your personal needs as well other than in the course such as for transporting luggage to airport, hospitals, recreation centers, resorts etc and even to take a drive down the town without the need for taking your car. But, even though it provides so many advantages, you should also take much effort in its maintenance. Sometimes, you may find that your cart is not performing perfectly like when it was bought. That means it is time to do a little bit of maintenance. If you do not take care of your cart, you will have to confront with a major repairing need. Thus, it is important that you keep yourself well familiarized with some easy methods to detect any defect and troubleshoot it yourself.
Golf carts can come with several problems, some of which can be prevented with your regular care and maintenance. In order to find out any problem that has occurred with your cart, you have to move through the engine parts to check what has gone wrong. The engine and engine tank can easily become clogged with dust, dirt, grease and debris accumulated in them. So, you have to clean them thoroughly and regularly to keep away from any such accumulation that can adversely affect the performance and life expectancy. Golf vehicles may come with both mechanic and electrical problems. If you detect that the engine starts but does not move the cart, the problem may be mechanical and if the nothing happens on turning the key on, it may be some electrical problem. You will need the help of an authorized mechanic. To avert such problems, check for the battery condition regularly and examine the cable connections along with oil levels and cell water levels.
Golf Buggy in JHB
At one point in time, the use of a golf cart was something only the somewhat wealthy could enjoy on a golf course. Those who were not able to afford the use of a golf cart often found themselves hauling their clubs over their shoulder as they walked the golf course. Well, times have changed. Golf carts are now the standard at almost all golf courses throughout the country. Very seldom do golfers carry their clubs over their shoulder anymore. Unfortunately, some recreational golfers like to treat the course golf cart like a toy rather than a purposeful mode of transportation. Often times, you can witness wreckless behavior exchanged between recreational golfers and the use of their golf carts. However, this is one minor annoyance as a result of the golf cart gaining popularity. Typically, golf carts are available for rent from the course clubhouse. Most golfers take advantage of this service. An alternative, if you have the money, would be to buy your own golf cart. However, this is costly, but you will not need to pay rent for a golf cart whenever you go to the course. Golf carts are available for purchase either new or used. New golf carts can be purchased from anywhere from about $4000 to $11,000 dollars. Many factors attribute to the cost, such as model, seating capacity, and any additional options that may be available. There are two types of golf cart engines, gas engine or electric engine. An alternative to new golf carts would be to purchase a used golf cart. Used golf carts are alot cheaper than new ones, and typically you can find a sufficient golf cart for less than $3000. Buying a used golf cart can be alot like buying a used car. You will need to thoroughly inspect it inside and out. Make sure to ask the owner any questions you may have about the golf cart. Always make sure to take it for a test drive before committing to a purchase.
Used Electric Golf Carts
Golf carts have a wide range of uses. Sure, the most obvious is for the golf course. But where else might you use a golf cart. Surprisingly almost anywhere short distances of travel are needed. Below, I'll talk about such instances where the use of a golf cart would be ideal. On the golf course, golf carts are the primary means of transportation aside from walking. Golf carts are convenient and easy to use by everyone. The use of the golf cart makes traveling across the golf course quick and painless. Typically, most golf courses use electric powered golf carts as opposed to gas powered golf carts. Several factors influence this decision, but more than likely they choose electric due to its quiet use. There are many large corporations that look to golf carts in order to help move people across large sites where businesses are located. For example, so much time can be saved by using a golf cart to travel across the worksite as opposed to walking by foot. If the need to go back and forth the workplace frequently, the amount of time saved by using the golf cart could be worth alot of money to the company compared to someone always walking. Many security companies use golf carts to patrol the grounds of a company that they are securing. The golf cart makes it easy to cover alot of ground in a little time. The quietness of the electric golf cart also is a bonus in that it may be quiet enought to catch suspecting crooks off guard. Golf carts have also been known to have a use on the home front, especially if you own alot of land. Sure, if you own a lot of land, you may have a tractor, or other large piece of machinery. Would anyone of them be as efficient as an electric golf cart? Chances are they are not, especially with the current gas prices. As noted above, there are many uses for golf carts aside from the golf course. Whether you are at the golf course, workplace, or even the homefront, the golf cart could be of use to you.
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