Golf Cart Battery Cables Exposed – Does Size Really Matter or Electric Golf Carts For Sale Under $1000 ?
For gas powered carts, the cables need only be of sufficient size to operate the starter motor, which is only for a few seconds at a time. So that answer is no, the originally installed cables are plenty sufficient in size. For those of us who have the more plentiful, battery powered carts, Electric Golf Carts For Sale Under $1000 in Randburg the answer is somewhat more complicated. The short answer for us is, yes and no, depending upon what we expect from the cart or if modifications to the motor or controller have been made.
If the cart is absolutely bone stock (all original with no upgrades) and is used primarily as originally intended around the local course, the standard 6 AWG (aka 6 gauge or #6) cables are perfectly fine. Wire (cable) size is measured by a standard called American Wire Gauge or AWG and relates to the diameter or cross sectional area of the copper conductor itself. The smaller the AWG number, the larger the diameter, and hence, larger current carrying capacity. For example, a 2 AWG cable is larger than a 4 AWG which is larger than a 6 AWG. Most cart manufacturers use 6 AWG cables. The finest cables we have found so far are made by MaxiLink.com, which are super flexible and made for extreme duty electric vehicle use.
Ok, now for you guys that want better performance, we’ll get a little more technical. The maximum current that will ever go through your cables is when the cart is at rest and you mash the gas pedal to the floor. At that point in time, the controller puts out the max power it is capable of, and the motor experiences what is called “locked rotor” current draw, which can be hundreds of amperes. When the motor is in a stalled state, it requires tremendous energy to get it spinning to the rated RPM. If the motor were to stay in the stalled state (if there was some mechanical restraint that would not allow it to turn) the high current would continue to be absorbed by the motor until it actually burned up the windings.
Typically though, the motor begins to spin immediately, and the current drops down to 20 or so amperes within a few milliseconds (on a stock cart). There are four things that limit that maximum current; the resistance of the internal windings of the motor, the current capacity of the battery pack, the controller capacity and the resistance of the battery cables. The Battery Pack and Motor windings are pretty much fixed values. Keep these in mind because we will come back to them.
Used Electric Golf Carts
Aftermarket “high torque” or “high speed” motors installed to increase the carts performance are commonplace these days. Unfortunately, that additional performance requires additional power. The motor is only there to convert electrical energy into kinetic energy (not very efficiently either). High power motors have a lower internal resistance than stock, which in turn draws more current. If you remember from science class, power (in watts) is voltage (E) multiplied by the current (I). Since the voltage cannot go any higher than the battery’s 48volts (or 36volts), the current increases in order to satisfy the power demand of the motor. Unfortunately, this is where the resistance of the battery cables come into play. As the current increases in a conductor, power is lost in the form of heat at a rate of I2R, where R is the cable resistance.
In an ideal cable and to transfer max power, the cable resistance (R) should be zero ohms. Unfortunately all cables have some resistance. The cable resistance causes the voltage to drop (E=IR) and results in lost power to the motor. The solution; increase the size of the battery cables (the larger the cable the less the resistance). Of course, the cable diameter can only be increased within reasonable mechanical size limitations, but that is what is required to reap the full benefits of a high power aftermarket motor. Our example used the locked rotor current to explain the worst case effects. They are less drastic at partial throttle, where the current draw is significantly less.
If you want to do the drag racing, burnouts, wheelies and such with your cart though, you will need the bigger cables to supply the required massive inrush of current to the motor. Although the resistance of the cables seems tiny (#6 = 0.00047ohms/ft vs. #2 = 0.00015 ohms/ft), the voltage drop is significant when large currents are present, which will reduce performance. So for the high power motor users out there, use large diameter cables and keep them as short as possible. Size will matter to you. Look for other articles by Randy Wade and check out www.digitaloverdrivesystems.com regularly for news, tips and performance products including the new Maxilink Extreme Duty EV cables.
Interesting Facts About Electric Golf Carts For Sale Under $1000 in Fourways:
About Electric Golf Carts For Sale Under $1000 in Fourways:
At one point in time, the use of a golf cart was something only the somewhat wealthy could enjoy on a golf course. Those who were not able to afford the use of a golf cart often found themselves hauling their clubs over their shoulder as they walked the golf course. Well, times have changed. Golf carts are now the standard at almost all golf courses throughout the country. Very seldom do golfers carry their clubs over their shoulder anymore. Unfortunately, some recreational golfers like to treat the course golf cart like a toy rather than a purposeful mode of transportation. Often times, you can witness wreckless behavior exchanged between recreational golfers and the use of their golf carts. However, this is one minor annoyance as a result of the golf cart gaining popularity. Typically, golf carts are available for rent from the course clubhouse. Most golfers take advantage of this service. An alternative, if you have the money, would be to buy your own golf cart. However, this is costly, but you will not need to pay rent for a golf cart whenever you go to the course. Golf carts are available for purchase either new or used. New golf carts can be purchased from anywhere from about $4000 to $11,000 dollars. Many factors attribute to the cost, such as model, seating capacity, and any additional options that may be available. There are two types of golf cart engines, gas engine or electric engine. An alternative to new golf carts would be to purchase a used golf cart. Used golf carts are alot cheaper than new ones, and typically you can find a sufficient golf cart for less than $3000. Buying a used golf cart can be alot like buying a used car. You will need to thoroughly inspect it inside and out. Make sure to ask the owner any questions you may have about the golf cart. Always make sure to take it for a test drive before committing to a purchase.
Electric Golf Carts For Sale Under $1000 in Fourways
Looking for a gas powered, electric or a pull cart? Golf carts are essential in helping you get around the course. In order to make the most of your time management skills you want a vehicle like custom golf carts or a dureable pull cart to help you carry your equipment. Ez-go golf carts along with yamaha are well known in the golfing world and often come in electric or gas powered models. Depending on what you are seeking, some players enjoy the value of used golf carts as often they are priced a little more affordable. Golf carts are an absolute necessity for those more challenged terrain courses. There are many advantages when using golf carts. These include the ability to carry your clubs, snacks, beverages and stay drier in poor weather conditions with all weather enclosure features. Custom golf carts are very stylish. You can create the ideal image or machine that suits your needs. Lots of consumers taylor make their own vehicles. Quite often the popular choice are used golf carts. The availability is absolutely amazing. The features that these machines come out with is truly endless. You can easily customize your golf cart to match your personality. Golf carts are the ideal utility for the avid golfer. Take advantage of custom golf carts as they allow you to design your ideal vehicle. Ez-go, Yamaha, Club car are all top name brands. You can either review new sources or used golf carts. The convenience factor is worth looking at. Just imagine the benefits that come with a great utility cart buggy. We understand that many consumers have different needs, and an endless list of golf cart accessories is usually not too much farther than a click away. Improve your game enjoyment with the added convenience of your very own golf cart.
Golf Carts: Not Just For Golfers Anymore
In the market for a used golf cart? Did you know that theyre not just for driving around the course anymore? You can use them to haul yard gear and transport gardening supplies and tools. They can also be utilized simply as a way to get from point A to point B if youve got a large piece of property or just need a little assistance getting around. Also, a used golf cart can be a big help if youre a family who likes to travel. Theyre great to have on camping trips for tooling around the grounds, or getting to the store, showers and swimming hole. And of course, they still make your golfing experience more enjoyable when cruising around the course instead of walking, especially on those warm days. Used golf carts are available in electric or gas power and range in price from around $1,500 to higher end versions priced at around $4,000 depending on the extras you choose. Theres also lots of online companies that also sell reconditioned carts for an even more economical approach. Another money-saving tactic is that if youre mechanically inclined and have an old golf cart that may be out of commission due to worn out or broken parts, you can purchase a wide variety of replacement parts, either aftermarket, used, refurbished or new, from an online dealer. One new and fun aspect of owning a used golf cart these days is that you can also get them custom painted! There are companies that will airbrush your name, boat name, or even a cartoon character or favorite scene and most places just need a picture or sketch of your idea to create original artwork for your cart which will make it uniquely yours! What about cart stretching? Instead of purchasing a larger cart, this concept involves cutting an existing 2-seater golf cart in half and then combining it with another to stretch your seating and space availability. It can also increase the safety and comfort of your passengers which is always a good idea. Additionally, if youve got a used golf cart, or are planning on purchasing one and it may not come exactly the way you wanted, theres lots of accessories and updates you can add to it. Some of these include heaters with 12 to 48 voltage capabilities that plug right into the carts power outlet. You can order custom-made seats in your choice of upholstery and color, a new canopy or even different floor mats. Look around online to see all of the many options that are available to you. For all its uses, a used golf cart is a functional and fun way to get things done.
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