Golf Cart Battery Cables Exposed – Does Size Really Matter or Used Golf Carts For Sale ?
For gas powered carts, the cables need only be of sufficient size to operate the starter motor, which is only for a few seconds at a time. So that answer is no, the originally installed cables are plenty sufficient in size. For those of us who have the more plentiful, battery powered carts, Used Golf Carts For Sale in Fourways the answer is somewhat more complicated. The short answer for us is, yes and no, depending upon what we expect from the cart or if modifications to the motor or controller have been made.
If the cart is absolutely bone stock (all original with no upgrades) and is used primarily as originally intended around the local course, the standard 6 AWG (aka 6 gauge or #6) cables are perfectly fine. Wire (cable) size is measured by a standard called American Wire Gauge or AWG and relates to the diameter or cross sectional area of the copper conductor itself. The smaller the AWG number, the larger the diameter, and hence, larger current carrying capacity. For example, a 2 AWG cable is larger than a 4 AWG which is larger than a 6 AWG. Most cart manufacturers use 6 AWG cables. The finest cables we have found so far are made by MaxiLink.com, which are super flexible and made for extreme duty electric vehicle use.
Ok, now for you guys that want better performance, we’ll get a little more technical. The maximum current that will ever go through your cables is when the cart is at rest and you mash the gas pedal to the floor. At that point in time, the controller puts out the max power it is capable of, and the motor experiences what is called “locked rotor” current draw, which can be hundreds of amperes. When the motor is in a stalled state, it requires tremendous energy to get it spinning to the rated RPM. If the motor were to stay in the stalled state (if there was some mechanical restraint that would not allow it to turn) the high current would continue to be absorbed by the motor until it actually burned up the windings.
Typically though, the motor begins to spin immediately, and the current drops down to 20 or so amperes within a few milliseconds (on a stock cart). There are four things that limit that maximum current; the resistance of the internal windings of the motor, the current capacity of the battery pack, the controller capacity and the resistance of the battery cables. The Battery Pack and Motor windings are pretty much fixed values. Keep these in mind because we will come back to them.
Golf Carts: An Evolution on the Golf Course
Aftermarket “high torque” or “high speed” motors installed to increase the carts performance are commonplace these days. Unfortunately, that additional performance requires additional power. The motor is only there to convert electrical energy into kinetic energy (not very efficiently either). High power motors have a lower internal resistance than stock, which in turn draws more current. If you remember from science class, power (in watts) is voltage (E) multiplied by the current (I). Since the voltage cannot go any higher than the battery’s 48volts (or 36volts), the current increases in order to satisfy the power demand of the motor. Unfortunately, this is where the resistance of the battery cables come into play. As the current increases in a conductor, power is lost in the form of heat at a rate of I2R, where R is the cable resistance.
In an ideal cable and to transfer max power, the cable resistance (R) should be zero ohms. Unfortunately all cables have some resistance. The cable resistance causes the voltage to drop (E=IR) and results in lost power to the motor. The solution; increase the size of the battery cables (the larger the cable the less the resistance). Of course, the cable diameter can only be increased within reasonable mechanical size limitations, but that is what is required to reap the full benefits of a high power aftermarket motor. Our example used the locked rotor current to explain the worst case effects. They are less drastic at partial throttle, where the current draw is significantly less.
If you want to do the drag racing, burnouts, wheelies and such with your cart though, you will need the bigger cables to supply the required massive inrush of current to the motor. Although the resistance of the cables seems tiny (#6 = 0.00047ohms/ft vs. #2 = 0.00015 ohms/ft), the voltage drop is significant when large currents are present, which will reduce performance. So for the high power motor users out there, use large diameter cables and keep them as short as possible. Size will matter to you. Look for other articles by Randy Wade and check out www.digitaloverdrivesystems.com regularly for news, tips and performance products including the new Maxilink Extreme Duty EV cables.
Interesting Facts About Used Golf Carts For Sale in South Africa:
About Used Golf Carts For Sale in South Africa:
I own a golf cart dealership located in North Florida. We sell and service golf carts, both electric and gas powered. At our dealership there are far more electric powered golf carts that we repair than there are gas. I would say we see about a hundred electric carts to every gas powered in our service department. This isn't because gas cars are so much better and require less servicing.The reason for the mass difference is due to our location. We are in North Florida. Flat without any hills North Florida. We are also in a State that has been very "go green" friendly. Hence, not really a high demand for gas powered golf carts for the not so hilly greens. And right along with every electric golf cart is the golf cart's battery charger. We have walk-ins every week bringing us these chargers for us to diagnose.Sometimes the charger is just fine indicating that there is a problem on the golf cart which we then schedule for pickup. However, the majority of the time the initial plug in test indicates some sort of failure with the battery charger. There is a pretty good chance that the power surge demon attacked the battery charger. We live in an area of North Florida that has more than our fair share of electrical power surges. And if that's not bad enough we also experience a great number of afternoon thunderstorms accompanied by enough lightening that would have made Ben Franklin want to live here!I hope I have communicated these concepts in a positive way that helps us understand the need for a surge protector to be installed in the power circuit to the golf cart's battery charger. And in doing so you will prevent having to pay for costly repairs caused by the "electrical demons" of power surges and electrical spikes. With the end result of you saving money and taking better care of your golf cart. It is for these things why I write. I write for you and your understanding of your golf cart. Thank you for taking the time to read what I have to say. You honor me by doing so. OK, until next time we meet, get out there and enjoy your golf cart. After all, isn't that what you bought it for? MKR
Used Golf Carts For Sale in South Africa
While many people think that golf isnt really golf unless you walk the course, the reality is that some people just cant do that. Thats where golf carts come in handy. This author personally wont play golf very often without the benefit of a golf cart, but thats just my preference I tend to be a little lazy. But with the new golf carts that are out today, they really can make golf a little more enjoyable. Besides not having to haul your golf bag around with you, the golf cart can also help you avoid fatigue and carry along a cooler of snacks, soda, or beer along with you if thats what you like to do when you golf. You can also get a good rest on a hot day when you use a golf cart to navigate the course. There are basically three big golf cart manufacturers that dominate the golf cart market: * Yamaha * EZ Go * Club Car Some golf carts are powered with small gas engines while others are electrically powered. The electric golf carts were the first mass-produced electric vehicles for private consumer use. Modern golf carts may have car-like styling despite being no bigger than a traditional golf cart. Accessories such as audio entertainment systems, custom wheels, and custom body panels in an assortment of colors are now being offered as choices for the personal golf cart. Golf carts arent just used on the golf course. Some small communities or neighborhoods will use a golf cart where their lack of pollutants, lack of noise, and safety for pedestrians and other cars are beneficial. While purpose-built for general transportation, these are called Neighborhood Electric Vehicles and they have various operating limitations such as top speed and heavy regulation on street use. They do resemble traditional golf carts in style, but some are enclosed to accommodate for use in all types of weather. There is a huge market for aftermarket parts on golf carts. Each major manufacturing company has their own line of aftermarket parts to enhance off-road capabilities. Because golf carts can have a long life, people often buy used golf carts making these aftermarket parts very valuable to people who need to fix broken parts of their golf cart. Golf carts are considered by many golfers to be an essential part of the golf game. Others just think the golf cart make a golf course more dangerous. Either way, the truth is golf carts can really help make the game more enjoyable by leaps and bounds.
Used Golf Carts - Electric Or Gas?
The Harley Davidson golf cart is a great, old buggy and those who have one consider themselves lucky. This particular vehicle has not been in production for several decades now, and this often means those buying one will not have the owner's manual that goes with the vehicle. One of the most common mistakes made by new owners is improperly mixing the fuel and oil. Without the owner's manual handy, this mistake is easy to understand. This article goes into how to properly mix the oil and fuel in a vintage Harley Davidson golf cart.
Before we go into the proper method for mixing the oil and fuel in a vintage Harley Davidson golf cart, let's be clear about one thing. Improper mixing can lead to severe damage in the engine. Once this damage occurs it has to be repaired if you want to operate the vehicle. These repairs can be time consuming and expensive. While you can certainly find Harley Davidson golf cart repair parts online, it is not always easy finding them. When you do find them, the price may be high simply due to the scarcity of these old parts. The best way to avoid having to make these repairs is to protect the engine by using the right fuel and oil mix.
If your Harley Davidson golf car has a recently rebuild engine, you want to use 3 ounces of good quality 2-cycle oil for each gallon of gas in the first tank of gas. Once this first tank is used up, decrease the oil to 1.5 ounces per gallon of gas. Keep in mind that this first tank (the one using 3 ounces of oil) may foul the plug. Be prepared to change out the plug before going to the second tank of gas. It is a lot less expensive to buy a new plug than it is to rebuild the engine.
Once you apply this mix to your Harley Davidson golf cart, you will be able to enjoy your vehicle without fear of burning the motor up. Take care of your vintage vehicle and don't forget to pass it on to someone who will care for it as you do.
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